Be ahead of the storm.
Tips for preparing yourself and your family in the event of a hurricane.
Before The Storm:
- Contact local emergency management to gain a “risk assessment” of the area in which you live.
- Check to see if you have adequate flood insurance.
Create a Disaster Plan:
- Prepare a Personal Evacuation Plan.
- Select your own reliable transportation.
- Arrange to stay with others in an area not at risk.
- Make arrangements in advance for pets as they are not allowed in shelters.
- •Select a place to meet family if you are separated and cannot return home.
- Select a place out-of-state to leave messages for separated family members.
- Post emergency numbers by telephones.
- If you evacuate, leave a note telling others when you left and where to reach you.
Prepare Your Home:
- Trim overhanging branches and shrubs.
- Pre-cut 5/8-inch plywood for your windows if you do not have shutters.
- Show each family member how to turn off water, gas, and electricity and discuss when it’s appropriate to do so.
- Eliminate fire hazards and secure objects that could cause injury in your home during a disaster.
- If in a mobile home, check tie downs.
- Prepare Disaster Supply Kit.
Other useful resources:
- Louisiana Citizen Awareness & Disaster Evacuation Guide
- Governor’s Office of Homeland Security & Emergency Preparedness for the State of Louisiana
Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
The guages represent the upper threshold of each category.
Category One Hurricane:
Sustained winds 74-95 mph (64-82 kt or 119-153 km/hr). Damaging winds are expected. Some damage to building structures could occur, primarily to unanchored mobile homes (mainly pre-1994 construction). Some damage is likely to poorly constructed signs. Loose outdoor items will become projectiles, causing additional damage. Persons struck by windborne debris risk injury and possible death. Numerous large branches of healthy trees will snap. Some trees will be uprooted, especially where the ground is saturated. Many areas will experience power outages with some downed power poles.
Category Two Hurricane:
Sustained winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr). Very strong winds will produce widespread damage. Some roofing material, door, and window damage of buildings will occur. Considerable damage to mobile homes (mainly pre-1994 construction) and poorly constructed signs is likely. A number of glass windows in high rise buildings will be dislodged and become airborne. Loose outdoor items will become projectiles, causing additional damage. Persons struck by windborne debris risk injury and possible death.. Numerous large branches will break. Many trees will be uprooted or snapped. Extensive damage to power lines and poles will likely result in widespread power outages that could last a few to several days.
Category Three Hurricane:
Sustained winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt or 178-209 km/hr). Dangerous winds will cause extensive damage. Some structural damage to houses and buildings will occur with a minor amount of wall failures. Mobile homes (mainly pre-1994 construction) and poorly constructed signs are destroyed. Many windows in high rise buildings will be dislodged and become airborne. Persons struck by windborne debris risk injury and possible death. Many trees will be snapped or uprooted and block numerous roads. Near total power loss is expected with outages that could last from several days to weeks.
Category Four Hurricane:
Sustained winds 131-155 mph (114-135 kt or 210-249 km/hr). Extremely dangerous winds causing devastating damage are expected. Some wall failures with some complete roof structure failures on houses will occur. All signs are blown down. Complete destruction of mobile homes (primarily pre-1994 construction). Extensive damage to doors and windows is likely. Numerous windows in high rise buildings will be dislodged and become airborne. Windborne debris will cause extensive damage and persons struck by the wind-blown debris will be injured or killed. Most trees will be snapped or uprooted. Fallen trees could cut off residential areas for days to weeks. Electricity will be unavailable for weeks after the hurricane passes.
Category Five Hurricane:
Sustained winds greater than 155 mph (135 kt or 249 km/hr). Catastrophic damage is expected. Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings will occur. Some complete building failures with small buildings blown over or away are likely. All signs blown down. Complete destruction of mobile homes (built in any year). Severe and extensive window and door damage will occur. Nearly all windows in high rise buildings will be dislodged and become airborne. Severe injury or death is likely for persons struck by wind-blown debris. Nearly all trees will be snapped or uprooted and power poles downed. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last for weeks to possibly months.